Us sedating violent prisoners
Inmate X’s original offense was rape and burglary, but he sustained many additional probation violation charges for drug use, violation of restraining orders, and shoplifting.While incarcerated, inmate X picked up an additional charge for mailing threatening letters to the United States President.
The United States has only 5% of the world’s population, but 25% of the world’s prisoners (Liptak, 2008). In America, imprisonment was considered unusual in the beginning of the 18 century.
Recidivism, or repeat offenders, further strains the prison budget.
Recidivism is defined as a repeated arrest or incarceration (Baillargeon, Binswanger, Penn, Williams & Murray, 2009).
In a 15 state study, over 2/3 of released prisoners reoffended or were rearrested within 3 years; this equates to 4 out of every 10 people released from prison are re-incarcerated (Bureau of Justice, 2013; Stephan, 2004).
However, evidence shows the largest impact on prison budgets is from altering sentences and release policies, rather than altering per-inmate costs (Stephan, 2004).